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Social Responsability
Itaipu presents sustainable initiatives at COP 21, in Paris
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Between November 30 and December 11, Itaipu Binacional took part at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP 21), promoted by the United Nations (UN), in Paris. The main objective of the conference, which brings together 150 heads of state and government representatives from around the world, is to reach a global agreement on the reduction of emissions in order to curb climate change.

Brazilian and Paraguayan representatives from Itaipu will be taking part in a series of side activities part of the COP program, such as the 15th Sustainable Innovation Forum; the Climate and Health Summit; the Caring for Climate Business Forum, part of the Global Compact; and UNESCO's International Conference on Water, Megacities and Global Changes; while also exhibiting in the World Efficiency Gallery, an exposition at the Le Bourget Air and Space Museum featuring a range of low carbon technological solutions.

Among the activities being presented by Itaipu are Cultivando Água Boa (elected by UN-Water as the world's best water management practice, in 2015); the generation of power through biogas from livestock farming activities; and the Electric Vehicle, Sustainable Purchases and Gender Equality  programs, as well as actions to promote tourism and projects at the Itaipu Technology Park (ITP)

Contribution to tackling climate change

Through a range of initiatives, in both Brazil and Paraguay, Itaipu has contributed to a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases. This begins with hydropower generation itself. To generate the same amount of power, but using fossil fuels, Itaipu would need to burn more than 500,000 barrels of oil per day.

Another point of note is the reduction in emissions from its own fleet of vehicles: in 2016, half of the vehicles should be low or zero emission. In Brazil, for example, Itaipu operates the largest fleet of electric vehicles in the country. And it also boasts vehicles driven by biomethane (produced from livestock waste from an agricultural cooperative). Additionally, in flex fuel vehicles (gasoline/ethanol), only ethanol is used, which is a renewable resources with a reduced ecological footprint due to carbon absorption while growing the sugarcane.

Itaipu has a group of protected areas that, together, total around 105,000 hectares of forests, with more than 44 million trees planted since 1979. These areas correspond to an average of over two million tons of sequestered carbon per year.

Added to this is the effort by Itaipu and partners in the Cultivando Água Boa program, protecting springs and recovering riparian forests. In all, over 1,300 km of linear riparian forest has been recovered and protected. Besides improving the quality and volume of water in rivers, these forests link a number of remaining forests to the reservoir protection areas, bolstering the conservation of biodiversity in the region.

In line with the major goal of the conference – to reduce greenhouse gas emissions –, Itaipu has practically eliminated printed material about its projects. Each initiative features a type of business card with a QRCode and web address. All you need is a smartphone to access all project information. Furthermore, the Itaipu page in English now features a special section with the full program, news and other information on the binational's participation at the Climate Conference.

Click HERE to access the Itaipu program.