The world's largest generator of renewable clean energy

Itaipu and the SDGs
Font Size

Water and energy are fundamental to Itaipu.

Water is the raw material for the production of energy in the binational power plant. And its correct management is essential for the results that the company obtains in terms of generation and to maintain long-term operations.

Itaipu is the largest generator of clean and renewable energy on the planet, with more than 2.6 billion Megawatts-hour (MWh) produced since the beginning of the operation, in 1984. The company supplies 15% of Brazilian electricity consumption and 86% % of Paraguayan.

In recent years, the water management system in the power house was perfected with a greater synergy between the operation, maintenance and hydrology activities, as well as in the integration with the electrical systems of the two countries. This allowed the company to establish several operating records, including the world record for annual production, with 103.1 million MWh in 2016..

In order for Itaipu to continue producing with maximum efficiency and contributing to the sustainable development of Paraguay and Brazil, the water security of the reservoir and of the hydrographic basins connected to it, are strategic for the company. This interconnection is expressed in the Strategic Planning itself, which recognizes the generation of energy, environmental management and social development as the three main activities of the core business.

With 170 kilometers of extension, 29 billion cubic meters and 135 thousand hectares of water surface, the Itaipu reservoir is part of the border between the two countries. Its use is not limited to the production of energy, but also passes through the municipal supply, agricultural activities, fishing and aquaculture, tourism and leisure, as well as the maintenance of wildlife.

The reservoir is surrounded by 101 thousand hectares of forests protected by Itaipu, which make up the protection strip and eight shelters on both banks. These areas, constituted together with the formation of the lake, at the beginning of the 1980s, also function as a connection between important remnants of the Atlantic Forest in Paraguay, Brazil, and Argentina.

The conservation of the forest ecosystems and their biodiversity in the environment of the reservoir is configured as one of the main strategies to guarantee the quality and quantity of water, a concept that ITAIPU extended for its action in the surrounding areas, as of 2003 In partnership with municipalities, communities and other stakeholders in the region, the company promotes the recovery of hydrographic micro-basins, with the protection of springs, re-composition of riverside forests, formation of biological corridors, conservation of agricultural soils, adaptation of rural roads, implantation of community suppliers, use of livestock waste for the production of energy, among other actions.

With these initiatives, Itaipu verifies, in practice, how the generation of energy, care with water and the conservation of biodiversity are interrelated. It also proves how it is possible to work in an integrated way in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of numbers 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation) and 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy), with positive reflections for regional development and for the implementation of the other objectives that make up the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations.