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Environmental lab
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Itaipu periodically monitors the quality of the air and river waters in the area surrounding the reservoir.

The monitoring conducted by the Environmental Lab meets the needs of Itaipu's environmental projects and research done in collaboration with institutions like Fiocruz, Fundacentro, USP, Unioeste, UnB, UFPR, UTFPR and Cetesb, which foster the generation and transfer of scientific and technological knowledge.

The samples also contribute to epidemiological surveillance programs and help improve public health care on the border between Brazil and Paraguay. The Environmental Lab conducts approximately 12 thousand tests a year.

Besides research, its activities include training health agents to monitor water and air samples for bacteria, fungi and protozoa that may spread diseases among healthy people or those whose immunological system is compromised.

At the power plant, monitoring includes microbiological analyses of water, milk, coffee, air-conditioners, individual protection equipment, and staff telephones.

Environmental Lab technicians also monitor the action of microorganisms and biological agents associated to the biodeterioration of the power plant's materials, structures and equipment; conduct research on golden mussels; and provide reference values for lab tests, besides lab diagnosis for wild animal and fish diseases.

The bacteriological monitoring of rivers collects water samples along the entire watershed conected to the reservoir.

Among the specific actions developed by the Itaipu Environmental Lab, the highlights are the investigation of Cryptosporidium sp. and Legionella sp. in environmental and biological samples; the identification of Acanthamoeba sp. in water and the biofilm; and the qualification and quantification of fungi in the air, water and biofilm.

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