The world's largest generator of renewable clean energy

Itaipu and climate action
Font Size

In 2015, Brazil and Paraguay were two of the 170 countries that signed the Paris Agreement as a result of the negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change – UNFCCC), which annually promotes the World Climate Conference - COP.
 
The historic agreement - which was adopted by nations at COP 21 in 2015 - came into force less than 12 months later with the aim of keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees C and better, no higher than 1.5 degrees C. 
 
Brazil set targets for reducing emissions by 37% by 2025 and 43% by 2030. This percentage corresponds to the INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions). It is a voluntary commitment that each country takes and needs to be ratified by the UNFCCC. 
To achieve these goals, Brazil proposes: 
 
Increase the share of sustainable bioenergy in the Brazilian energy matrix to 18%;
Strengthen compliance with the Forest Code;
Restore 12 million hectares of forests;
To achieve zero illegal deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon;
To reach 45% participation of renewable energies in the energy matrix;
Obtain 10% of efficiency gains in the electric sector;
Promote the use of clean technologies in the industrial sector;
Stimulate measure of efficiency and infrastructure in public transportation and urban areas.
Brazil and Paraguay, because they are developing countries, face the challenge of not only promoting economic development, generating income and employment, but also considering the negative impacts of this growth. 
      
Itaipu contributes with several of the commitments expressed in the Paris Agreement, the main ones being:
 
The production of clean and renewable energy (to produce the same amount of energy generated in 2016 would require 500 thousand barrels of oil per day, about a fifth of the Brazilian production). Learn more...
 
The maintenance of more than 100 thousand hectares of green areas that sequester approximately 5 million tons of CO2 equivalent/year. Learn more...
 
Promoting the recovery of watersheds. There are 217 micro-basins served, with 22 thousand hectares of terracing and soil conservation and 1,400 linear kilometers of riparian forests recovered and protected. Learn more...
 
With the Cultivando Agua Boa (Cultivating Good Water), Itaipu contributes to water management in a participatory way. It is a methodology related to several social-environmental initiatives and won, in 2015, the 'Water for Life' UN-Water Best Practice Award in water management (category 1). Learn more...
 
Reducing agricultural emissions by promoting sustainable practices such as agroecology and no-tillage. Learn more...
 
Encouraging the use of livestock waste (methane) for the production of thermal, electric and vehicular energy (biogas). Learn more...
 
In Paraguay, Itaipu is also responsible for coordinating the Paraguay Biodiversity program with support from the Paraguayan government and from the Global Environment Facility of the World Bank. The program aims to preserve biological diversity by linking forest fragments and promote sustainable land use. Lear more...
 
The accomplishment of several environmental education actions in the surrounding communities. Learn more...
 
The promotion and cultivation of medicinal plants, an economic activity that preserves the region’s biodiversity. Learn more...
 
Itaipu deploys 100 electric vehicles in its fleet. In the last 10 years, they have run 836,000 km and have avoided the emission of 87 tons of CO2. Learn more...